Useful Tips

Rules for using canes and crutches


If you do not know how to walk with a cane, then the first days may seem like hell to you.

Here is how one of our customers writes to us:

"... it turns out that walking with a cane as a support is a huge job and it is not easy. After the first time, my palm simply burned and was very polished. For the next couple of days it was impossible to use it, because the hand refused to lean. Hands and dexterity must certainly to be! But time passes, hands grow stronger, even descent and climb stairs are easier. It is indispensable now. It’s a wonderful assistant ... "

Here are some suggestions. how to walk with a cane.

1. Hold the stick of the cane correctly.

The hand should rest comfortably on the handle of the cane.
Hold the handle like a gun. The index and thumb should be located along the shaft, as indicated in the figure. All your weight should focus not on the handle, but on the shaft (stick). This means that the handle itself is wrapped around THREE, not four fingers. INDEX AND BIG FINGERS ARE DIRECTED ALONG THE SHAFT.

The handle should fit the palm.

If the hilt is significantly larger than the hand, this will lead to calluses. Corns hurt. After a couple of days, you simply cannot lean on your palm. If the handle is too thin or thick, the wrist will cramp.

2. Correct posture.

Do not slouch, a correctly selected cane eases the load on the spine.

If the cane is short or long, then you may feel discomfort in the joints, back pain and fatigue.

When the length of the cane is chosen correctly, you do not have to lift it with every step. The cane will "walk by itself" next to you.

3. In which hand to wear a cane?

Your doctor will answer this question. Currently, the opinions of experts are divided, some believe that it is necessary to completely eliminate the load on the sore leg and wear a cane in the opposite hand. Others believe that when you wear a cane from the side of the injury, you can adjust the load on the sore leg. This requires some skill.

How to use a cane

A cane is used to redistribute body weight on the forearm or wrist. It is recommended during the period of rehabilitation after minor injuries and to restore balance.

What to look for when buying a product

  • The handle should be comfortable, reliable, not slippery, and the optimal size (not too big and not too small). Some canes are designed to be held with fingers or a brush, others are designed to support the forearm.
  • The cane trunk can be solid, telescopic or folding, made of carbon fiber, metal or wood.
  • Using the length adjustment step, the telescopic canes can be adjusted in height. The device operates by pressing a button mechanism.
  • To ensure optimal stability, the tip of the product is most often made of rubber, sometimes with an anti-slip device (OPS). There are single-support, three-support and four-support canes. The more points of support, the more weight the cane can withstand.

An important parameter is the length of the cane.

  • To choose the optimal length of the product, you need to stand upright, stretch your arms at the seams, shoes should not be removed. The top of the cane should touch the bend on the inside of the brush. A cane is suitable if the elbow is at an angle of 15–20 ° when standing.
  • The length of the product, as a rule, is equal to ½ the height of a person in shoes.
  • A cane should provide support in an upright position. If the cane is too short, you will have to bend, and if it is too long, you will have to bend to the side of the sore leg.

In which hand is it right to hold a cane

  • If necessary, in an additional support, you need to hold a cane from the side of a healthy leg. For example, if the right leg needs support, you should hold a cane in your left hand and vice versa.
  • For better balance, the working arm must be left free and the cane held with the other hand.

How to walk with a cane

  • take a step with a sore foot
  • move the cane forward
  • distribute the weight on the cane and on the sore leg at the same time - thus, the product will take most of the body weight and unload the leg,
  • when walking with a healthy foot, a cane should not be used.

How to walk up and down stairs with a cane

  • grab the railing, if any, and put the cane in your free hand,
  • step on the step with a healthy foot,
  • raise or lower the sore leg there.

How to use a cane when walking on slippery surfaces

  • Many canes are equipped with the device against sliding (UPS). The use of UPS provides stability and prevents falling when walking on wet slippery surfaces in the warmer months and during icy conditions.

How to use crutches

Crutches are the choice for those who need a serious level of support. The crutch will unload the sore leg as much as possible after operations on the knee or foot.

Crutch growth

  • Axillary crutches must be selected so that their upper part is approximately 2.5 cm lower than the axillary cavity, and the handles are at the level of the hips.

How to walk on crutches

  • move crutches to the ground at a distance of 30 cm from the body,
  • lean forward
  • step as if on a sore leg, at the same time transfer the weight to the crutches and move the legs forward between the crutches,
  • the diseased leg should be kept in a raised position to avoid excessive pressure on it.

How to walk on crutches up or down steps

  • put crutches together
  • take crutches with one hand so that they are parallel to the floor,
  • use the railing as a support and jump up or down the steps on a healthy foot.

How to sit and stand on crutches

  • connect crutches
  • take them with your hand from the side of a healthy leg as a long cane,
  • Sit or stand slowly, leaning on crutches for balance.

How to use crutches when walking on slippery surfaces

  • Some crutches are equipped with an anti-slip device (OPS). The use of UPS reduces the risk of falls and injuries when walking in the cold season on icy surfaces and in summer on moist slippery soil.

Do you know that:

  • The rubber tips of canes and crutches should be changed from time to time.
  • To maintain balance, it is best to look directly in front of you, not a support.
  • To maintain the support means in working condition, it is necessary to periodically check the condition of the handles and tips.

How to choose a cane

A cane can not be bought at random, especially if this is not an addition to the image. Before purchasing this thing, “try on” it to the person who will use it, while taking into account its physiology.

Length plays a big role, because too short or long cane will be inconvenient to use. If the product is short, it will cause a stoop in a person. If long, then the entire body will lean to one side. In order for the length of the cane to correspond to the growth of a person, you need to become straight and bend your arm 20 degrees. Where the bend of the wrist is, and the handle of the cane should be.

The handle is the most comfortable one that has an anatomical shape. The patient should try several options and choose the one with which he is most comfortable.

How to walk with a cane

Using a cane as a means to help you move around is not easy, especially if you do it wrong. A cane should help a disabled person, unload a sore leg, but not vice versa.

How to walk with a cane, you ask. If you took a cane in your hand, then you need to learn a few rules:

  • place it near a healthy leg, that is, if the right leg is injured, the cane is taken in the left hand,
  • hold the cane so that the index and thumb lie along it, and the other three fingers hold the handle,
  • keep correct posture.

If possible, it is necessary to completely remove the load from the sore leg, to ensure quick recovery of the injury.

When taking a step with a sore foot, move the cane at the same time with it, and you need to rely on a healthy foot. Try to transfer your weight to the cane, this way you will remove the load from the diseased limb.

A cane is one of the smartest inventions of mankind, which not only serves as a support and movement, but can also complement a person’s wardrobe

If you need to go down or climb the stairs, then do not forget to hold the handrail with one hand and the cane with the other. Take a step forward when climbing, then put a cane and move on. First comes a healthy leg, then a diseased one. Going down, at first it becomes a cane, a sore leg, and only then healthy.

Proper use of the cane will lead to a speedy recovery and return to normal life. Follow your doctor’s advice and take this product seriously.