The payment of zakat is one of the pillars of Islam.
Zakat is paid in the amount of 2.5 percent of a person’s condition, exceeding the size of nisab. Nisab, equal to the cost of 85 grams of gold - this is the minimum size of the state from which it is necessary to pay zakat. As of July 15, 2013, nisab was 114,000 rubles.
Zakat is paid on gold, silver, cash, investment, business income and rental, as well as intended for the sale of goods, stocks, securities and bonds.
The Solidarity Foundation collects zakat and distributes it among the most needy, in accordance with Islamic principles.
Zakat and Fidia - how to calculate and to whom to pay
Zakat - this is the share of Almighty Allah in the property of a Muslim, the mandatory payment of part of the property to certain categories of people at a certain time in accordance with established rules. The payment of zakat is one of the pillars of Islam. Allah Almighty said: «But they were only ordered to worship Allah, serving him sincerely, like Hanifs, to pray and pay zakat. This is right faith. ” (Quran, al-Bein, 5).
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said: “Every day, when the slaves of Allah wake up, two angels descend from heaven. One of them says: "Lord, repay the one who sacrificed." Another says: “Lord, destroy the one who was stingy” (Abu Hureira).
Caliph Abu Bakr al-Siddik said: “By Allah, I will definitely fight those who separate the zakat from prayer!” Recognizing the need for the zakat, but not paying it in whole or in part, is a sinner, a disobedient and deserves severe punishment.
Fidia - Atoning Alms
“And those who are able to fast, [but are allowed to go through an incurable illness or old age], are to atone for the poor in redemption.” And if someone voluntarily does more, the better for him ”(Quran, 2: 184)
Fidia — this is Atonement for failure to fulfill such a religious obligation that a person cannot fulfill due to certain circumstances. Fidya-sadaka - redemption, payment of a certain amount of funds determined by Sharia in exchange for the performance of obligatory religious service.
Muslims who, for objective reasons, could not temporarily observe the fast of Ramadan, should compensate for the missed days of fasting or make a donation in favor of poor Muslims. If a Muslim due to illness or old age is not able to hold fast in the month of Ramadan, he is obliged to pay instead of each day of fasting fideu equal in size zakat al-fitr. The charity of atonement for each missed day of obligatory fasting is calculated taking into account the average daily cost of food for one Muslim in need.