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Deep sea fishing is fishing at a depth of at least 100 feet (30 meters), which allows fishermen to catch large fish, which is usually impossible to catch in shallow waters, such as swordfish, shark, dolphin, tuna and marlin. Many tourist and resort areas offer deep sea fishing charters, which are the best option for beginners. For deep sea fishing, you can charter a boat or you can go on your own. In any case, you need to know the basics of how to prepare for fishing for experience and safety.

Fishing deep sea fish with a fishing rod

Posted by Big-Fishing, views: 1885

Having set the tactical task of training deep-sea fish in training or competition, the athlete must:

1) knead the bait (let it swell), the color of which should not differ sharply from the color of the bottom,
2) put the rods on supports and equip them with depth, flow velocity, and expected production, respectively
3) assemble and install the cage,
4) to collect and lay the nets,
5) install the stand for the boxes and put the nozzle in them (the closest running nozzle should lie in the nearest boxes),
6) prepare a block with leashes,
7) prepare a bar for sharpening hooks, tweezers, depth gauge,
8) pour water into a jar to rinse your hands and wet the bait,
9) to prepare a towel for wiping hands from fish mucus and bait,
10) install a chair or drawer for seating,

All this takes about 15-20 minutes of preparation time. Then the athlete proceeds to the most critical part - measures the depth and determines the topography of the bottom in the fishing sector. On the longest rod he sets the descent corresponding to the expected maximum depth, suspends the depth gauge and measures the depths very carefully in the first and second fishing zones. After that, the athlete establishes approximate working descents on all rods. 3-5 minutes before the signal allowing the bait to be thrown, you need to add water to the bait that has swollen and dried up during the preparation and prepare 5-8 balls the size of a fist for the first feeding. The first balls should be thrown a little further than the maximum possible casting of the nozzle, the rest - in a straight line through 50-100 cm towards the shore, this technique is called "build a fence."

Throwing the first portion, the athlete, usually sitting, checks whether everything is at hand, whether the place is well equipped, then takes the longest rod, puts the nozzle on and prepares for casting. In terms of tactics, they do this: they observe the actions of rivals in neighboring sectors and, if they see that the opponent has taken a short rod and is going to catch the bait, they try to lure the bait to itself and keep it in the near zone of its sector by feeding. If fishing occurs in stagnant water, then, having made the first cast, it is necessary to allow the nozzle to sink to the bottom, and after waiting 5-10 seconds, pull it onto itself. I pulled it up by 20-30 cm - let it go, waited a few seconds and pulled it up again. Thus, from the very first casts, they try to determine the exact working descent and at the same time clarify the bottom topography. According to the behavior of the float, it will immediately become clear when the hook with the nozzle begins to “scratch” the bottom, when the sub-stock lies on the ground, when the “olive” touches the bottom.

In the first 10 minutes, until the fish reaches the bait zone, it is necessary to examine in detail the relief in the accessible zone - the fishing sector - taking into account the radius of the bait. It may be possible to detect a hole, a tubercle or a slope, that is, the most likely "fish path" or just the area where the bites begin, the so-called working area, on which you need to concentrate your attention in the future and where to bait. At the same time, they try to gradually bring the fish closer to the shore with the help of feeding, in order to go fishing with a shorter fishing rod, that is, to move the working area. During the course, the bottom topography in the accessible zone is determined as follows: the nozzle flows alternately with the flow and pulls it onto itself. At the moment when the nozzle, sub-stock or "olive" touches the bottom, the float is flooded, and sometimes hides under water - it is delayed by the current. Novice athletes often confuse tightening the bobber with a bite, but with experience this error goes away. When the descent is selected and the braking is performed correctly, tightening of the float is excluded, the necessary speed of the wiring, the normal distance of the nozzle from the bottom and its position in front of the load are ensured, so that even in strong currents the bite is clearly visible.

In stagnant water, the bream usually raises the float, and during the course after a barely noticeable rise of the float drowns it (Fig. 69.5). Sometimes the float floats for a long time in an elevated state. Only in one case, the bite is not visible or is detected with a great delay - when the fish has deeply swallowed the nozzle. This happens when in stagnant water after dragging the equipment will be aground and the "olive" falls to the bottom (Fig. 69.4). It is impossible to allow the tackle to be in this position for more than 10-15 seconds, it is necessary to make a light control hook, which will replace the next drag, or make a new cast. In windy weather, you need to take into account the sailing line and adjust the pace and direction of the wire accordingly. We will analyze the characteristic mistakes that beginner athletes make when catching bottom fish.

1. The mismatch of the bait viscosity to the depth of the place of fishing and the speed of the current. Beginners usually make bait more viscous than circumstances require. At the bottom, it lies lumpy, poorly eroded by the flow, so the fish is saturated and does not take the nozzle.
2. The mismatch of snap depth, flow rate and bite. The selection of equipment with these factors in mind is a very important condition for success. The necessary skill comes only with experience or can be acquired with the help of a qualified trainer. I can recommend the following: strive, especially with a bad bite, to maximally ease the equipment, in extreme cases, use the so-called falling (slowly sinking) nozzle.
3. Lack of skill to control the fish, that is, to lure it by feeding closer to the shore in order to catch a shorter fishing rod.
4. Narrow accessible area. Usually inexperienced athletes limit this zone to the limits of the nozzle’s free flow and very hesitantly use the methods of expanding it.
5. Strong hooking is a gross mistake that is very difficult to fight. As a result of a wide, energetic hooking, the hook bites into the fish’s lip with force and breaks it, forming a solid hole. In the future, when fishing, the hole increases, and with the slightest slack of the fishing line or jerk, the fish simply comes off the hook. Here you can advise only one thing: it’s good to sharpen the hooks. Then it will not be necessary to hook much, it will be enough just to pull it up slightly. When fishing, the hook itself will go deep enough, which completely eliminates the gathering of fish.
6. Inadequate response to resistance. In the first moments after cutting, it is necessary to determine the approximate size of the fish and, based on this, to prey on the maximum tension of the fishing line. Almost all athletes overexposure fish in water, although the fishing line they have has a sufficient margin of safety.

Carried away by fishing, athletes forget to periodically toss the bait. It should be remembered that the rate of tossing the bait depends on the intensity of the bite. Take it as a rule: after hooking, do not drag the bream immediately to the shore, but hold it for 3-5 seconds in place, and at this time with your free hand throw a little bait to where the bite was. During the course, it should be thrown so that the water carries the bait to the bite site. As soon as the bream is near the surface, it must be quickly removed from the capture point and not brought to the shore 2-3 m, taken in the net. For such fishing, you need a net with a long handle (3-3.5 m). If for some reason you have a hitch (changing gear, remove the hook, etc.), do not forget to periodically throw the bait, otherwise the fish will leave your sector.

At competitions, remember tactics, the right choice of which can decide success. Here is an example. At the same time, bream and roach are caught. How to be? Should I continue to catch bream on a large nozzle or go on fishing roaches and hustlers, putting the equipment thinner and a smaller nozzle? Experienced athletes usually choose the latter. Bottom fish are most often caught on bloodworms, maggots and small worms. Bloodworms are knitted in bunches, small worms are put on a hook for several pieces, a bream is often caught on a “sandwich”: maggot with a worm is planted or maggot with a bloodworm. Only with very good biting are bream caught on maggots, putting on a hook for 5-7 pieces. Usually adhere to the rule: what is the feed base of the bait, such is the nozzle. If you are catching maggots or bloodworms, don’t have to procrastinate when the worm is planted, you need to hook it after a pause. But in any cases, athletes try not to let the fish deeply swallow the bait, otherwise they will lose a lot of time to release the hook.

Hooks fit No. 4-6 with a ring or spatula. The hook tip must always be open. The bream does not show any serious resistance. Therefore, it is recommended to put leashes from fishing line with a diameter of 0.1-0.12 mm, given that at competitions breams larger than 1 kg are rarely found. I have repeatedly witnessed how, at international competitions, athletes hatched fish weighing 500 g or more with a leash of 0.08 mm from a fishing line. In all cases, the rods were equipped with rubber shock absorbers. The design of sports rods should include the installation of a shock absorber and have an external cone of fastening the knees. Modern fishing techniques require both elements. To catch a strongly shortened fishing line (equal to or less than half the length of the rod) and perform a complex Christmas tree wiring element, removable knees are needed. But when catching the caught fish, removing the knee, the athlete involuntarily makes inaccuracies (jerking, slack) in order to smooth out these flaws, a shock absorber is needed. To remove the knee when fishing for large fish, it is necessary to take turns one after another, while when fishing for small fish - several pieces at once.

The removed parts of the rod should not be thrown to the ground, they must be put on special stands. When attaching with a very shortened fishing line, you can not make a biting cast, but gently lower the nozzle into the working area. While the nozzle sinks to the bottom, put on the removed parts of the rod and guide the nozzle away from you. Depending on the stiffness of the shock absorber, the cutting force and the intensity of the survival are regulated. After successfully completing a hook, they slightly raise the rod up, and then pull it towards themselves almost without lifting, so as to quickly remove the extra knees. If this is not done right away and the fish is raised too high, then when removing the knees a large slack may occur and the shock absorber will not be enough to eliminate the slack, as a result there will be frequent gatherings.

The techniques described are difficult, but very effective. They must be mastered under the guidance of a coach during the athlete’s training workshop. Decent 8-meter telescopic rods with removable knees for catching deep-sea fish are manufactured by the Germina company (GDR). In our country, the production of telescopic rods has been mastered, but without significant alterations, they are not yet suitable for sport fishing. They need to replace the top tip and remove part of the material (top layer) along the entire length of the rod. Rods equipped with rings require replacing the rings with more elegant ones. It is also necessary to replace the top tip, remove the frame from the ends of the work (knees) and excess material along the entire length of the rod.